Pulp and paper operations present multiple challenges for air pollution control. Steam boilers produce fly-ash, process equipment creates salt cake accumulation, and in-plant processes create various kinds of dust and fumes. AAF Flanders applies the appropriate core technologies, with customized installations for the specific industry needs, to meet and exceed goals for reduced emissions and material recovery.

Contaminant Risk

The primary source for gaseous contamination in pulp and paper mills is the pulping process. In the Kraft pulping process, highly malodorous emissions of reduced sulfur compounds are produced. These compounds are measured as total reduced sulfur (TRS) and include hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, dimethyl sulfide, and dimethyl disulfide. These sulfur compounds are often described as smelling like rotten cabbage. In the sulfite pulping process, sulfur oxides are also emitted in fairly significant concentrations. Other pulping processes, such as the mechanical and thermomechanical methods, generate significantly lower quantities of air emissions.

In addition, steam and electricity-generating units using coal or fuel oil emit fly ash, sulfur oxides, and nitrogen oxides. A secondary source of corrosive gases in the pulping process is during the bleaching step. These bleaching chemicals, which often include lime, are caustic and cause corrosion to occur.

There Are Several Ways a Plant Can Produce Pulp:

The four primary processes employed in the U.S. and Canada are:
  • Kraft (a chemical process)
  • Sulfite (a chemical process)
  • Mechanical
  • Thermomechanical

Optimize Your Environment

For particulate filtration, several stages of HVAC-type air filtration products are employed to help keep the wood fiber and associated dust to a minimum. Ensuring that this dust is removed is extremely important to both the paper quality and the maintenance of the pulping equipment and paper production machines.
At a minimum, protection of the control room includes pressurization with purified air. This prevents corrosive gases from infiltrating the control room and causing corrosion problems. Additionally, recirculation air may require cleaning, if the room is a high traffic area or there are other internal sources of contaminants.

Supplemental real-time monitoring, such as AAF Flanders’ SAAFShield® Technology, is recommended to enable quick reaction to outdoor events that may introduce corrosive gases into control rooms, and to monitor odors.

A thorough air filter audit of your HVAC systems is the first step that AAF Flanders takes, in order to provide you with professional guidance and analysis for cost savings and liability reduction. By conducting this audit, we strive to understand your current state and advise you on how your facility could perform even better, thereby helping you save money, reduce risk, and save time.