Common HVAC System Installations
First, inspect ceiling or wall returns. Some HVAC units place the air filter behind a return air grille, which is typically found on the wall or ceiling. This allows for easy access to change out your filter. Dirty, contaminated air enters the upstream side, passing through the filter and exiting the downstream side as clean, filtered air before reaching the blower motor. Learn more about how to properly install your filter in ceiling or wall returns.
Next, check basements, crawlspaces, attics, or garages for your HVAC air handler.
Vertical HVAC systems: Due to their orientation, vertical HVAC units are typically found in smaller basements or crawlspaces where room is limited. There are two types of vertical HVAC units—up-flow and down-flow.
Up-flow: The up-flow units are most common in homes today because of their natural direction of airflow. This energy-efficient style draws cool air from the bottom and forces heated air through the top. On up-flow units, the filter is most likely located at the bottom of the HVAC unit. Learn more about how to properly install your filter on up-flow HVAC units.
Down-flow: Due to their unnatural airflow direction, down-flow systems aren’t typically as energy efficient. This style draws cool air from the top and forces heated air out from the bottom. On down-flow units, the filter is most likely located at the top of the HVAC unit. Learn more about how to properly install your filter on down-flow HVAC units.
Horizontal HVAC systems: These units are most often found in attics, garages or large basements with the return duct connected to the side of the air handler. They draw cool air from one side and force heated air out of the other side. Typically, horizontal systems are suspended from the ceiling or placed on a platform. The filter will most likely be positioned vertically in a filter-housing slot on the side of the unit. Learn more about how to properly install your filter on horizontal HVAC units.